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WHAT IS PIANOFORTE

NavaneethNarayanan Shared By NavaneethNarayanan on 01-Sep-2017 -- 02:56 AM

We all know that the Piano is an acoustic stringed musical instrument and most of us wanted to learn how to play it at some point.

 

It was invented around the year 1700. It is a keyboard with which you play different keys and all the keys are arranged in a row, such that when a player presses them down, it causes hammers to strike the strings and make music. Piano is derived from the Italian word pianoforte which was what it was called when the instrument was first created. Piano and Forte in Italian mean soft and loud respectively, which means that the piano is used to create melodious music which can be either soft or loud. The volume can be varied depending on the pressure that is applied on the key by the player/instrumentalist. More the pressure, louder the tone, lesser the pressure, softer the tone.
Piano usually has a wooden case surrounding the strings which are strung with very heavy tension to a heavy metal frame. When the keys are pressed, the hammer strikes the strings which causes vibration and creates music and they continue to vibrate due to resonance. The vibrations are transmitted into a soundboard with the help of a bridge and they help in creating the sound. The sound is amplified by coupling the acoustic energy into the air. When a key is released, a damper stops the vibration and ends the sound. By using the pedals of the instrument, the sound can be sustained even when the key is released.
Most pianos have 88 keys out of which 52 are white keys and the remaining 36 are black keys. The white keys are used for notes of the C major scale while the black keys are placed further on the keyboard. They are used for the accidentals. Some pianos have some additional keys with some additional strings.

 

All the notes have three strings except for the bass which have either one or two strings. The strings are stuck together and not plucked, so this is not exactly played like othe string instruments.
The piano became very popular in the 1800's due to the influence of the romantic era which required music with better tone and dynamics. In the nineteenth century, instrumentalist did a few arrangements to the classic piano to make the art much easier so that everyone could play it. The classic piano is very heavy and expensive and musicians are trained for years to play this versatile instrument. It was used widely in concerts, plays, dramas, etc.
The credit of creating this versatile instrument goes to Bartolomeo Cristofori of Padua, Italy. He was employed as a keeper of instruments. He got his inspiration from the harpsichord. He used the knowledge and mechanism of harpsichord to create the piano. He made it in such a way that the hammer strikes the strings but does not get attached to them, which would prevent the continuous vibration.  He created many instruments other than the piano which were a bit quieter compared to the piano. This creation was left unknown for a really long time, until it was mentioned in an article in 1711 by Italian writer Scipione Maffei. The classic piano underwent many changes; high quality wires were used as strings, and iron frames were used to increase the tension of the string. The tonal range was also increased from five octaves to seven octaves and with that we have the modern piano.

For the attention of the music learner!

It can get quite frustrating trying to learn the
piano, since it requires the use of both hands making similar actions on the keys. If you find yourself in this position, it is advised that practice should be done for both the hands separately. Once you're thorough with both hand movements separately, only then should you aim towards practising the entire piece using both your hands together. The same principle can be applied for the Keyboard as well. It is further advised to find the right tutor for you. Find the nearest Piano class or Keyboard class and get to learning the right way.

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References:
Wikipedia
link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piano
Youtube




Image sources: Google Images

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