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HISTORY OF HINDUSTANI MUSIC

NaveenNavs_202 Shared By NaveenNavs_202 on 30-Apr-2018 -- 02:31 AM

Indian music came in contact with the Persian Music and led to the development of two forms of Indian Classical Music, Hindustani & carnatic. .

The carnatic and the Hindustani music have some features in common as their heritage and philosophy is essentially the same. However their ragas and their articulation are usually distinctive.

 

Hindustani Music

 

This form of music is predominantly present in the Northern Part of India. The roots of Hindustani Music is traced to the emergence of Dhrupad & Dhamar. It further developed into Vocal & Instrumental Streams. Further emergence of Khayal from Dhrupad as a result of influence of the Mughal Kingdom, Classical Music underwent a change in character , moving from Temples to the Courts. Names like Miyan Tansen have been one of the greatest influence on the Hindustani Style.

Love, humor, pathos, anger, heroism, terror, disgust, wonder and serenity are the nava rasas or nine basic emotions which are fundamental to all Indian aesthetics Hindustani or carnatic.

 

Hindustani Music- Styles

 

Various styles of singing in the North Indian Style are Dhrupad, Khayal, Thumri, Tarana and Tappa.

 

Instruments 

 

Hindustani music include the sitar, sarod, surbahar, esraj, veena, tanpura, bansuri, shehnai, sarangi, violin, santoor, pakhavaj and tabla. Instruments typically used in carnatic music include veena, venu, gottuvadyam, harmonium, mridangam, kanjira, ghatam, nadaswaram and violin.

 

 

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