Musical Instruments

WeGotGuru is an online platform for teaching and consulting. We intend to bring distinguished teachers and experts in the Music and other domains to the reach of interested students and clients anywhere, anytime.

 

WeGotGuru was started in 2010 in Santa Clara in the Bay Area, California. We had talked to various music lovers from various cities like Bay Area, Cleveland, Fremont, Florida, California (CA), Chicago, New York (NYC), New Jersey (NJ), Orange County, Los Angeles, Cupertino, San Jose, San Francisco before we decided that this is an area that we would like to focus on.Since Indian Music is our area of interest we chose to focus our initial attention to this domain.The dearth of Experts in various areas of music got us thinking about 'Online Learning' or 'Internet based classes'.

 

Today we have a range of Indian music teachers (both Carnatic/Karnatic and Hindustani) who teach vocal music and a range of instruments like the Sitar, Sarod, Tabla, Mridangam, Violin, Flute, Piano, Veena, Guitar, Bansuri, Rudra Veena, Sarangi, Pakhwaj, etc. We also have teachers teaching Western music as well as Music recording and 'DJing' and related software.

 

Sitar

Sitar is a plucked stringed instrument mostly used in Hindustani classical music. Sitar was very well known in North India, Pakistan, and Bengladesh for long time. Pandit Ravishakar brought fame for this instrument in the western world from the 1950’s and so surprisingly it continued to be the same even today.

 

Tabla

Tabla was in existence in India for many years all the way up to the mogul rule. It is usually an accompanying instrument for khayal Gayaki and instruments like sitar and Sarod. Table is a two piece instrument. The “Chaanti’or tabla is a wooden body two-thirds hollowed out. The Dugga or Base is a metallic pot made of brass or copper about nine and a quarter inches in diameter, bulging in the middle and tapering towards the end to about 4 inches in diameter. Both Dugga and Tabla are covered by pudis.

Tabla is usually played with fingers. The use of fingers helps to achieve high speed while playing most Bols which brings softness sweetness and beauty of the sound Main taals played in Tabla are ‘Keharwa’ dadra, Jap, Ek, Rupak, Jumra, Teen and Tilwada.

 

Mridangam

Mridangam is the most important rhythematic instrument accompanying south Indian classical music. “Khod” or body of the Mridangam is made from wood. There are skin pudis on either side tightened by leather straps. The instrument is placed on the laps when seated and played with both palms and fingers.The main bols are Dh’laanku, T’k’Dhilku, T’dingin’tom, Thai, Jhunnu, Dimi, ThRikuku etc.

 

Sarod

Sarod is believed to have come from Afghanistan. The Sarod has a wooden body covered with goat skin and a fingerboard covered with a polished sheet of steel. It is fretless and has 25 strings attached to 25 pegs fro tuning. 8 large pegs are the upper end and seventeen smaller pegs on the side. 15  strings are sympathetic strings. These pass through tiny holes in the metal fingerboard and are attached to small tuning pegs on the side of the instrument. The sympathetic stings are tuned according to notes in the raga to be performed. The Sarod is held on the lap of the cross -legged performer. The fingers of the left hand are used to press the strings down and slide along the fingerboard while the strings are plucked with triangular plucktrum.

 

Sarangi

Sarangi is one of the oldest bowed instruments. The body is hollow and made of teak wood decorated with ivory inlays. The sound box is covered with goat skin and the fretless fingerboard with wood. 3 of it’s 38 stings are the main strings while the rest are sympathetic strings. These 3 main strings are usually cut strings attached to the top of the instrument to three large pegs and run over an ivory bridge which sits on the skin. Of the 35 sympathetic strings 11 are attached to small pegs on the top most part odf the instrument in front and the other 24 strings are attached to pegs in the side. The Sarangi used to be an accompaniment for vocal music but has now become a solo instrument.

 

Flute/Bansuri

The flute used in Indian music is made of bamboo. It is known as the bansuri which comes from ‘Bans’ hindi for Bamboo. Originally the folk instrument, it is very old and associated with Lord Krishna. It is a cylindrical tube of uniform bore. Flutes vary in size, the larger flutes have a deep base tone and shorter flutes are more higher pitched. The flute is held horizontally slightly inclined downward.

 

Veena

Veena is on eof the most popular and auspicious musical instrument of iNdian music since it is connected with the Goddess Saraswati, The Goddess of Knowledge. Veena which comes with frets are Rudra Veena (Hindustani music) and Saraswati Veena(Carnatic music).  Fretless Veenas are Vichitra veena which is used in Hindustani music and Chitra Veena or Gottuvadhyam used in Carnatic music. There is also a Mohanan Veena which is a slide guitar.

 

Guitar

Guitar is a a plucked string instrument, usually played with fingers or a pick. The guitar mainly has a body and a rigid neck on which the strings are attached. There are two different types of guitars in a broad sense, acoustic guitars and electric guitars. Acoustic guitars come with hollow bodies which have been in use for long time and equally popular even today. The tone of an acoustic guitar is produced by the vibration of the strings, which is amplified by the hollow body of the guitar, which acts as a resonating chamber. Electric guitars rely on an external amplifier to electronically manipulate the tones.

 

Saxophone

Invented by Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax, it is also known as Sax. The saxophone is one of the most widely used woodwind instruments in popular music. It became very popular with the rise of Jazz style of American music and marching Bands. Lately it has become very popular in Indian music as well. Even though saxophone is made out of brass, it is classified as a woodwind instrument because it produces sound through a reed, instead of through the player's lips as with a trumpet.

 

Piano

The Piano is one of the most popular instruments in the world. It is considered as the king of the instruments. The Piano is used in classical and Jazz performances. some most general categories of pianos are accoustic pianos, Electric pianos, Electronic Pianos, Digital pianos and MIDI Controller pianos. Because of the best scale configuration it is widely used for solo performances, accompaniment, composing, rehearsals and recordings.

 

Violin

The Violin is considered as the queen of the musical insruments It is a string instrument, usually with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. It is the smallest, highest-pitched member of the violin family the next highest being viola,then cello and then the double bass.The violin is sometimes informally called a fiddle.The Violin is very commonly used in western music and indian classical music both in North Indian and south indian.

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